Income and VAT withholdings regime applicable to payment aggregators and online markets

Income and VAT withholdings regime applicable to payment aggregators and online markets - CorralRosales - Lawyers Ecuador
Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000026 issued by the Tax Authority and published in the Third Supplement to Official Gazette 461 of May 28, 2021, establishes special rules for income tax and value added tax (VAT) withholdings.

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New deadlines for filing the dividend annex

Tax Bulletin - New deadlines for filing dividend annex - Lawyers Ecuador
Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000024 issued by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service and published in the Fourth Supplement of the Official Registry 446 of May 6, 2021, established new deadlines for filing the Dividend Annex for the fiscal year 2020, according to the ninth digit of the taxpayer’s ID as follows:.

When the filing date is a national or local holiday, the annex may be filed on the following business day, unless it falls on the following month, in which case this rule will not apply, and the annex must be filed in the previous business day.

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Suspension of deadlines in tax matters

Suspension of deadlines in tax matters
Due to the state of emergency declared by the President of the Republic, through Executive Decree 1291 of April 21, 2021, the Internal Revenue Service through regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000021 published in the Fourth Supplement of the Official Registry 440 of April 27, 2021, suspended the terms and deadlines in all administrative processes and the statute of limitations for collecting debts from April 26 until May 20, 2021.

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Amendments to the rules for applying advance pricing agreements for operations carried out between related parties

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Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000013 issued on March 11, 2021 by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service and published in the Fourth Supplement to the Official Registry 409 of March 12, 2021, amended the following regulations:
  • NAC-DGERCGC14-00001048, which establishes the content, procedure and other matters related to the filing and resolution of the advance pricing agreements for increasing the limit of deductibility (20%) of royalties, technical, administrative, and consulting services paid to related parties, and.
  • NAC-DGERCGC15-00000571, which establishes the rules for the applying the advance pricing agreements.

The following is a summary of the changes introduced in each Regulation:

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC14-00001048

Information to be included of the parties and the transactions subject to consultation:

a. Names and surnames, company name, tax identification number, country of tax residence and income tax rate of the taxpayer and the parties with whom the operations covered by the consultation are carried out,

b. Detailed description of the operations, including among other elements, their nature, characteristics, amount in US dollars of the last three fiscal years, and the effect on the taxpayer’s income,

c. If the transaction is a service, documentation must be submitted to identify its invoicing, periodicity, and form of payment. In the case of royalties, in addition to the above, the intangible asset, its owner, administrator (if applicable), the method of valuation of the intangible asset and its calculation must be fully identified,

d. Comparability analysis according to the terms described in the tax legislation, including the following elements: i) characteristics of the operations; ii) analysis of the functions or activities performed, including the assets used and risks assumed; iii) contractual terms; iv) economic or market circumstances, and v) business strategies, both of the taxpayer and its related parties involved in the operations subject to consultation,

e. Details of the search performed in the respective databases to obtain the comparable to be used. The date on which the search was performed attaching the screenshots of the filters applied in the databases, the selection and discarding matrix of the comparable. The reasons for the selecting the proposed method, in the terms contemplated for the Integral Transfer Pricing Report,

f. Copies of existing contracts, agreements or arrangements entered into by the taxpayer with related or unrelated parties, which affect, directly or indirectly, the operations covered by the valuation consultation. If applicable, copies of the cost sharing agreements, including the cost sharing criteria,

g. Audited balance sheet and income statement of the taxpayer for the last tax year as of the date of filing the consultation, including the notes to the financial statements. If the taxpayer is not required to have audited financial statements, the balance sheet, income statement and accounting books at the highest level of detail,

h. Audited balance sheet and income statement of the taxpayer’s related parties subject to the analysis, including the notes to the financial statements. If the taxpayer’s related parties are not required to have audited financial statements, the balance sheet, income statement and accounting books at the highest level of detail,

i. Balance sheet and income statement of the companies proposed as comparable for the last fiscal year. This requirement is not applicable if the taxpayer proposes the Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) Method, and

j. Any other relevant information, data, or documentation that the applicant considers necessary to support the methodological proposal for valuation of related party transactions.

Application report:

In the application report the taxpayer must include the following information:

a. The working papers in Excel including: the indicator (or price) of the taxpayer, the indicators (or prices) of the comparable, comparability adjustments, interquartile range, among others, depending on the methodology.

b. Description and reasoning of any particular fact or circumstance of the fiscal year analyzed that affected the valuation of the prices or financial margins of the analyzed party.

c. The taxpayer may not file a new report when the tax authority has initiated an assessment procedure.

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC15-00000571

Deadline for submitting the request:

The request may be filed until the last working day of February of the tax period in which the application of a higher limit of deductibility is intended. For fiscal year 2021, the request may be filed until the last business day of March.

Report of transfer pricing adjustments:

In the event that, upon application of the methodology approved, there is a transfer pricing adjustment, the taxpayer must report such on the income tax form.

Substitute tax returns:

If the increase of the deductibility limit is approved, the taxpayer is able to file substitute tax returns regarding the years which income tax returns was filed prior to the notification of the response to the request. The substitute tax return must be filed within 60 days after the notification of the response.

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New deadlines for filing the personal expenses annex

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Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000009 issued on February 4, 2021 and published in the third supplement to the Official Registry 386 of February 5, 2021, the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service established that the personal expenses annex of the fiscal year 2020 may be filed, for this time, until the following dates:

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Amendments to the tax regime for small businesses

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Executive Decree 1240 issued on February 3, 2021 by the President of the Republic amended the Internal Tax Regime Regulations regarding the Tax Regime for Small Businesses.

It establishes that, in order to calculate the income tax, taxpayers subject to such regime must apply a 2% rate over the net sales derived from the business activity subject to this regime and subtract: (i) the income tax withholdings made in the same period with respect to the activities subject to the regime; and, (ii) the income tax credit.

It is also stated that taxpayers subject to the regime, that in the fiscal year 2020 did not obtain any profit (calculated before paying the income tax) from the economic activities subject to the regime, may:

1. Pay the applicable income tax for the fiscal year 2020 until November 2021; and,
2. Pay the applicable income tax for the fiscal year 2021 until March 2022.

Those taxpayers who have paid the tax with interest and penalties will not be entitled to request a reimbursement.

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Foreign shareholders information

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Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000005 issued on January 21, 2021 by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service establishes the transitory regime applicable in 2021 for filing information of foreign shareholders.

Prior to the enactment of the Law of Modernization of the Companies Law, on December 10, 2020, limited liability companies and corporations were required to submit to the Superintendence of Companies, in the month of January of each year, the list of foreign shareholders.

The aforementioned Modernization Law established that this information had to be filed before the Internal Revenue Service, in accordance with the terms and conditions established for such purpose.

However, Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000005 issued by the Internal Revenue Service establishes that, for this one time only, companies must file this information through the web portal of the Superintendence of Companies (www.supercias.gob.ec) until January 31, 2021.

Compliance with this obligation does not exempt taxpayers from filing the Shareholders’ Annex (APS).

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Income tax payment for taxpayers subject to the microenterprises regime

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Regulation NAC-DGERCGC21-00000002 issued on January 6, 2021 by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service and
published in the Official Registry 366 on January 8, 2021, approved the tax form 125 for the semi-annual payment of income tax for taxpayers subject to the microenterprises tax regime.

The tax form 125 and its instructions were published on January 14, 2021 on the IRS website at the link:
https://www.sri.gob.ec/web/guest/formularios-e-instructivos 

Taxpayers subject to the tax regime for micro enterprises must file an income tax return each semester basis, even if: (i) they are subject to file a monthly value-added tax return; or, (ii) they have not obtained income related to the regime.

During January 2021 and only for this occasion, taxpayers who belong to this regime are required to declare and pay the income tax of the first and second semester of 2020 accumulated.

In order to liquidate the tax, the taxable base is equal to the net sales from the business activity subject to this regime and the rate is equal to 2%. Any income tax withholdings may be reduced if applied during the same fiscal year and if related to the activities subject to the regime.

The tax form must be filed in the months of January and July each year depending on the ninth digit of the tax ID. Taxpayers whose ninth digit o is 1, 2 or 3 may -only for this occasion- file the tax return and pay the income tax applicable to the first and second semester of the 2020 on different days, according to the following calendar:

Taxpayers subject to the microenterprises tax regime that have also been qualified by the IRS as special taxpayers may – only for this occasion- file the tax return and make the payment of the income tax applicable to the first and second half of 2020, until January 19, 2021.

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Special consumptions tax (ICE) – Tariffs applicable in 2021

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The General Director of the Internal Revenue Service issued three regulations on December 23, 2020, which were published in the Second Supplement of the Official Registry 359 on December 29, 2020, which are:

1. Regulation NAC-DGERCGC19-00000078 establishes the Special Consumption Tax (ICE) specific tariffs applicable in 2021:

Compared to the tariffs applicable in 2020, the tariffs for cigarettes and soft drinks remain the same, the tariff for plastic bags increases -established by law- and the remaining tariffs are slightly reduced compared to 2020.
2. Regulation NAC-DGERCGC19-00000079 adjusted the manufacturer’s and ex-customs’ sales price value by US$4.29 per liter for applying the Ad Valorem tariff on alcoholic drinks, including beer, applicable for fiscal year 2021.
In 2020 the value was US$4.33 per liter.
3. Regulation NAC-DGERCGC19-00000080 established the percentages of increase to be applied over the ex-customs price or the total production costs to determine the referential prices of perfumes and toilet waters marketed through direct sale (the manufacturer or importer sells to final consumers directly and not through commercial establishments), for fiscal year 2021, according to the percentages detailed in the following table:

The values detailed in the table are the same as those established for the year 2020.
For calculating the tax, the total production costs of the nationally manufactured goods must include raw materials, direct labor, and indirect manufacturing expenses.
Any royalty payments calculated on the basis of volume, value or amount of sales will be considered part of the total production costs for calculating the tax. However, if the royalties do not exceed 5% of the sales, they should not be considered as part of the taxable base.

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Tariffs applicable in 2021 for calculating income tax

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Regulation NAC-DGERCGC19-00000077 issued on December 23, 2020, by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service establishes the tariffs applicable in the fiscal year 2021 for calculating income tax.

1. Tariffs for calculating and paying income tax applicable to income received by Individuals and Undivided Inheritances in the fiscal year 2021:

2. Tariffs for calculating and paying income tax applicable to patrimonial increase derived from inheritances, legacies, donations, discoveries and any type of act or contract by which the ownership is acquired free of charge of goods and rights in the fiscal year 2021:

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