Withholding agents – Income tax and VAT

withholding-agents-income-tax-and-VAT-lawyers-ecuador-01

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000057 issued on September 14, 2020 by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service and published in the Special Edition of the Official Registry 1024 on September 16, 2020 establishes the rules for the classifying, filing returns and paying taxes for withholding agents and special taxpayers.

1. Designation and Removal:

The amendments to the Internal Tax Regime Law introduced on December 31, 2019 established that only special taxpayers (“contribuyentes especiales”) and those designated as withholding agents by the Internal Revenue Service are required to withhold income tax and VAT.

  • Special Taxpayers: are designated by an administrative act and will be effective from the first day of the month following the date of the notice to the taxpayer.
  • Withholding agents: are designated by: (i) a general resolution that will be effective from the date established in such resolution; and, (ii) an administrative act that will be effective on the first day of the month following the date of the notice to the taxpayer.

In the following link you can verify the taxpayers that have been designated as special taxpayers or withholding agents:
https://www.sri.gob.ec/web/guest/catastros

The tax authority is able to revoke the designation of withholding agents and special taxpayers, this will be effective from the date established in the general resolution or from the first day of the month following the date the taxpayer was noticed with the administrative act.

2. Filing returns and payment of obligations:

Taxpayers designated as withholding agents will continue to file and pay their tax obligations on a regular basis.

Special taxpayers must:

  • File their tax returns and make the payment of income tax, withholding income tax, value added tax (VAT), excise tax (ICE), foreign exchange tax (ISD) and the international currency movement annex (MID), until the 9th day of the month in which each obligation is due.

Special taxpayers with residence in Galapagos will be able to file the return and pay their tax obligations until the 28th day of each month.

When these dates overlap with mandatory rest days or national or local holidays, the return must be filed on the last working day prior to the date the filing is due.

  • Pay their tax obligations through debit from their bank accounts or by using credit notes.

3. Other taxpayers:

Those taxpayers who have not been designated as withholding agents or special taxpayers must withhold income tax and value added tax until September 30, 2020.

Starting October 1st, 2020 such taxpayers must withhold taxes only in the following cases:

  • Income tax:
    1. Distribution of dividends and anticipated payment of dividends.
    2. Transfer of shares.
    3. Payments and refunds made abroad.
    4. Salaries and other payments made to their workers.
    5. Taxpayers whose activity is the related to public events.
    6. Credit or debit card entities.
    7. Organizers of lotteries, raffles, bets and similar.
    8. Those who make monetary donations.
    9. Taxpayers that pay interest or other financial gains.
    10. Taxpayers who commercialize mineral substances.
    11. Taxpayers who transfers hydrocarbon licenses.
    12. Taxpayers who issue liquidations of purchases of goods and provision of services, regarding such transactions.
    13. Taxpayers who make purchases of bananas and other musaceous plants from local producers.
  • Value added tax:
    1. Import of services.
    2. Taxpayers who issue liquidations of purchases of goods and provision of services, regarding such transactions.
    3. Taxpayers who withhold of presumptive VAT in the transfer of fuel.
    4. Entities of the financial system, for payments or credits made under collection or debit agreements.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

New provisions of the Ministry of Labor

new-provisions-ministry-of-labor-september-2020-lawyers-ecuador
On September 9th, the Ministry of Labor (“MdT”) issued the following provisions on labor matters:

1. Agreement MDT-2020-171: Exemptions on the application of Chapter III of Humanitarian Organic Law to support and combat the health crisis arising from Covid-19

  • Employers may not reduce the salary of the disabled or their substitutes by the implementation of agreements to preserve labor sources or working-day emergent reduction.
  • Disabled or substitutes employees must inform to the employer their condition within 7 days from the dated they were notified with the application of such measures. If the employee does not comply to inform, then he/she will not benefit from these exceptions.
  • Agreements to preserve labor sources or working-day emergent reduction applied to disabled or substitutes employees before September 9th, are no longer enforceable.
  • From the next salary payment, disabled or substitutes employees shall receive their full salary. This provision has no retroactive effect.

2. Agreement MDT-2020-174: Reform to Ministerial Agreement No.MDT-2020-077

  • In the event of force majeure or unforeseen circumstances, the employer may apply the emergent reduction, modification or suspension of the working-day provided within the Ministerial Agreement No.MDT-2020-077.
  • Emergent reduction, modification or suspension of the working-day ends by:
    • Mutual agreement between the parties.
    • Completion of the emergent working-day reduction term provided for in the Labor Code, article 47.1 (up to 12 months);
    • Completion of the emergent working-day modification term; or;
    • Ceasing of the cause that justified the emergent working-day suspension (Labor Code, article 60).

 

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Income tax – Advance payment regulations

income-tax-advance-payment-regulations-lawyers-ecuador

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000054 issued by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service on September 4, 2020 regulates the advance payment of income tax for the year 2020, ordered by Executive Decree 1137 of September 2, 2020.

The regulation confirms the content of Executive Decree 1137 y adds the following:

1. Amount of the advance payment:

In order to calculate the advance payment, the following formula must be applied:

IR = (85% of UC * 25%) – RFIR20

Where:

IR = Advance income tax.

UC = The profit derived from the result of operations carried out from January 1 to July 31, 2020, in accordance with the financial statements and accounting and financial regulations. In order to calculate the profit, the employees profit sharing must not be deducted.

RFIR20 = Income tax withholdings made to the taxpayer from January 1 to July 31, 2020, that the taxpayer is able to use as tax credit.

In order to calculate the advance payment, the taxpayer must issue the financial statements as of the closing of July 31, 2020.

2. Settlement the advance payment:

The settlement of the advance payment will be made through the Income Tax Advance Payment Form (form 115).

Taxpayers whose 2019 taxable income was higher than US$5,000,000.00, must file the return until September 11, 2020, even if: (i) the taxpayer does not generate an amount to be paid; or, (ii) if the taxpayer income in 2020 is considered exempt for income tax purposes.

If the taxpayer files the return once the term has expired, it would be required to pay a fine equal to 3% for each month or fraction of a month of delay. The fine will be calculated over the total of the advance tax or, over its profit if an advance payment is not generated.

The advance tax must be paid until September 11, 2020 through debit from the taxpayer bank account. If the payment is not made until this date, the taxpayer will be required to pay interests.

3. Tax credit:

The advance income tax will be regarded as tax credit for the payment of 2020 income tax.

If the value of the advance payment is higher than the income tax generated, the taxpayer may request the reimbursement or may use the excess as credit tax for the payment of income tax for the three following fiscal years.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Income tax – Advance payment

income-tax-advance-payment-lawyers-ecuador

By Executive Decree 1137 issued on September 2, 2020, the President ordered the advance payment of income tax for the year 2020, to finance the expenses associated with the health emergency.

The previous Executive Decree 1109 issued on July 27, 2020 that established the same tax was not applied since it was declared unconstitutional by the Court.

The individuals, companies, and permanent establishments that comply with the following conditions are required to pay the advance income tax:

  1. Generate taxable income, except income derived from a labor relationship.
  2. In the year 2019 received gross income equal to or greater than US$5,000,000.00; and,
  3. During the period from January to July 2020, generated profits, with the exceptions of income and expenses derived from a labor relationship.

Taxpayers who are not included in the assumptions previously described are able to pay the advance income tax voluntarily.

The following taxpayers are not required to pay the advance income tax:

  • Micro, small, or medium size companies.
  • Taxpayers that are exempt from paying income tax on the fiscal year 2020.
  • Taxpayers that have registered the province of Galapagos as their tax address.
  • Taxpayers that are regular exporters of goods, or that 50% of their income derives from the export of goods; or,
  • Taxpayers with one of the following economic activities:
    • The operation of airlines.
    • The provision of accommodation and/or food services.
    • Activities of the agricultural and aquaculture sector.

In order to calculate the advance payment, the following formula must be applied:

IR = (85% of UC * 25%) – RFIR20

Where:IR = Advance income tax.

UC = The profit derived from the result of operations carried out from January 1 to July 31, 2020, in accordance with the financial statements and accounting and financial regulations.

RFIR20 = Income tax withholdings made to the taxpayer from January 1st to July 31, 2020, that the taxpayer is able to use as tax credit.

Taxpayers are able to pay the full amount of the advance income tax until September 11, 2020 and will not be able to request payment facilities. The late payment will generate interest and penalties.

The advance income tax will be regarded as tax credit for the payment of 2020 income tax.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Renewal – Tax benefits to new investments

Through Executive Decree 1130 issued on August 19, 2020, the President of the Republic resolved to extend the term for applying the tax benefits for new investments established in the Law for Productive Development, Attraction of Investments and Employment Generation for an additional 24 months, that is, until August 21, 2022.
Therefore, new investments made until August 21, 2022 will be eligible for the following benefits:
  1. New investments made in prioritized sectors will be exempt from paying income tax according to the following:
    • Investments made in the urban areas of Quito and Guayaquil will be entitled to an income tax exemption for 8 years.
    • Investments made outside the urban areas of Quito and Guayaquil will be entitled to an income tax exemption for 12 years.
    • Productive investments in industrial, agro-industrial, and agro-associative sectors, made in border jurisdictions will be entitled to an income tax exemption for 15 years.

In the case of existing companies, the exemption will be applied proportionally according to the following alternatives:

  • If the company is able to divide its assets, liabilities, income, costs, expenses, profits, and labor participation attributable to the new investment, the exemption may be applied by cost center.
  • The company is able to apply the benefit proportionally according to the following formula:

tax-benefits-new-investments-lawyers-ecuador

The reduction in the income tax rate may not be greater than 10 percentage points, unless the Strategic Committee for the Promotion and Attraction of Investments (CEPAI) authorizes a higheer reduction.

  1. Companies that make productive investments in any sector of the economy, and that enter into an investment contract with the Government, will be exempted from paying Foreign Exchange Tax (ISD) over the following payments:
    • Import of capital goods and raw materials necessary for the development of the project, up to the amounts and terms established in the investment contract.
    • Dividends distributed individuals with tax residence in Ecuador as long as the resources come from abroad and the investor demonstrates the entry of such resources in the country.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

VAT – Digital services

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000053 issued on August 22, 2020, the Director of the Internal Revenue Service established the provision for withholding Value Added Tax (VAT) on the import of digital services.

In general, the import of services is subject to the payment of VAT. The amendment to the Internal Tax Regime Law issued on December 31, 2019, established that the import of digital services will be subject to the payment of VAT starting September 16, 2020.

 

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Unconstitutionality of income tax advance payment

unconstitutionality-income-tax-advance-payment-lawyer-ecuador

Through Judgment 3-20EE / 20A published on August 10, 2020, the Constitutional Court issued an unfavorable judgement regarding Executive Decree 1109 issued by the President of the Republic on July 27, 2020 and declare its unconstitutionality.

Executive Decree 1109 ordered the advance payment of income tax of the fiscal year 2020. Therefore, taxpayers are no longer required to make the advance payment. If the taxpayers paid the advanced income tax, it will be regarded as tax credit or the taxpayers are able to request a refund.

 

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Income tax – Advance payment regulations

income-tax-advance-payment-regulations-lawyers-ecuador
Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000051 issued by the General Director of the Internal Revenue Service published on the Official Registry 854 of August 5, 2020 regulates the advance payment of income tax for the year 2020, ordered by Executive Decree 1109.

1. Taxpayers required to make the advance payment:

The individuals, entities, subsidiaries, and permanent establishments of foreign entities that comply with the following conditions are required to pay the advance income tax:
  1. Generate taxable income, except income derived from a labor relationship.
  2. In the year 2019 received gross income equal to or greater than US $5,000,000.00; and,
  3. During the period from January to June 2020, generated profits. In the case of individuals, in order to calculate the profits, income and expenses derived from a labor relationship should not be considered.

2. Taxpayers not required to make the advance payment:

The following taxpayers are not required to pay the advance income tax:
  • Micro, small, or medium size companies.
  • Taxpayers that are exempt from paying income tax on the fiscal year 2020.
  • Taxpayers that have registered the province of Galapagos as their tax address.
  • Taxpayers that are regular exporters of goods, or that 50% of their income derives from the export of goods; or,
  • Taxpayers with one of the following economic activities:
    • The operation of airlines.
    • The provision of accommodation and/or food services.
    • Activities of the agricultural sector.
    • Activities of the aquaculture sector.

3. Amount of the advance payment:

In order to calculate the advance payment, the following formula must be applied:

IR = (85% of UC * 25%) – RFIR20

Where:

IR = Advance income tax.

UC = The profit derived from the result of operations carried out from January 1 to June 30, 2020, in accordance with the financial statements and accounting and financial regulations. In order to calculate the profit, the employees profit sharing must not be deducted.

RFIR20 = Income tax withholdings made to the taxpayer from January 1st to June 30th, 2020, that the taxpayer is able to use as tax credit.

In order to calculate the advance payment, the taxpayer must issue the financial statements as of the closing of June 30, 2020.

4. Settlement the advance payment:

The settlement of the advance payment will be made through the Income Tax Advance Payment Form (form 115).

Taxpayers whose 2019 taxable income was higher than US$5,000,000.00, must file the return until August 14, 2020, even if: (i) the taxpayer does not generate an amount to be paid; or, (ii) if the taxpayer income in 2020 is considered exempt for income tax purposes.

If the taxpayer files the return once the term has expired, it would be required to pay a fine equal to 3% for each month or fraction of a month of delay. The fine will be calculated over the total of the advance tax or, over its profit if an advance payment is not generated.

The advance tax may be paid with the tax return, either in a single payment or in three installments as follows:

  • The first installment on August 14, 2020;
  • The second installment until September 14, 2020; and
  • The third installment until October 14, 2020.

If the payment is not made within these dates, the taxpayer will be required to pay interests.

5. Tax credit:

The advance income tax will be regarded as tax credit for the payment of 2020 income tax. If the value of the advance payment is higher than the income tax generated, the taxpayer may request the reimbursement or may use the excess as credit tax for the payment of income tax for the three following fiscal years.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Amendment to the codification of regulations issued by SERCOP

amendment-codification-regulations-sercop-lawyers-ecuador
By Regulation No. RE-SERCOP-2016-0000072 published on the Official Registry on July 29, 2020, the Codification of Regulations issued by SERCOP was amended.
The main amendments are:
  1. In the technical specifications, terms of reference, market research, proforma invoices or quotations, each work, good or service must be broken down and listed.
  2. It is mandatory for public entities and suppliers to execute relevant documents from the pre-contractual, contractual and execution phase by means of electronic signature; and their validation shall be done through the official system FirmaEC. Additionally, suppliers must have a valid electronic signature certificate issued by one of the certification entities, authorized by the Telecommunications Agency. This obligation will be enforceable within 90 days from July 29, 2020.
  3. Individual and entities, both national and foreign, interested in qualifying as suppliers for the State, when registering shall select only those projects, goods and/or services which codes within the Central Product Classifier, CPC, are directly related to their economic activity registered in the tax ID (RUC), and their statutory corporate purpose. In the case of foreign entities, they must justify their commercial activity. If the documents are in a foreign language, the Spanish translation must also be submitted.
    In the case of associations and consortiums, all the participants must have registered the CPC codes related to the procedure. If the contract includes several CPC codes, at least one participant must be qualified for each code. A participant will not be permitted to qualify for the execution of a CPC code that is not related to its activity or corporate purpose.
    In the case of requests for registering new suppliers in the supplier’s registry (RUP), and requests for increasing CPC codes for suppliers already registered, the requirement described above shall be enforceable within 90 days from July 29, 2020.
  4. Government entities that create associations and consortiums shall participate in equal conditions with the other interested suppliers. For this purpose, they would not be able to take advantage of the provisions of article 2(8) of the Public Procurement System Law: without considering the percentage of participation of the members of the association or consortium. 
  5. The award resolution in all public procurement procedures shall be issued in a term not less than 3 days from the date the administrative act that ends the bid qualification, bidding, or negotiation, is issued. This resolution shall be published in the SERCOP portal within 1 day.
    If the procedure is not awarded within 30 days, the entity must notify the SERCOP the reasons.
    In the event of a complaint or claim filed before SERCOP regarding the procurement procedure, or by SERCOP’s own initiative, the contracting entity, once notified, may not award, or enter into the contract until SERCOP decides on the matter.
  6. In public procurement procedures, except for emergency procedures, once the procedure has been awarded, the contract shall be entered into with the awarded bidder after at least 3 working days from the date of the award.
  7. Emergency Contracts: 
    • Public entities, besides being subject to the Public Procurement System Law, shall be subject to the procedures established in the SERCOP regulations.
    • The maximum authority of the contracting entity or its delegate, shall carry out the qualification of suppliers verifying their legal, economic, and technical capacity, through an administrative act.
    • The economic activity of the suppliers shall be related to the object of the contract. In the event of non-compliance, the contracting entity may unilaterally declare the termination of the contract.
    • Regulations establish a specific procedure for public procurement during an emergency. This procedure does not apply for medicines, medical devices, and supplies, biochemical or diagnostic reagents and other strategic goods or the provision of health or funeral services.
      In this procedure, suppliers shall be required to accept the conditions and to expressly adhere to the technical conditions defined by the contracting entity. In the event of non-compliance, the contracting entity may unilaterally declare the termination of the contract.
      The decision to award the contract or to declare it void shall be taken by the highest authority of the contracting entity.
    • Emergency procedures for the procurement of listed goods and services are prohibited unless the highest authority of the contracting entity issues a decision stating the reasons that makes it impossible to meet or overcome the emergency. This resolution will be subject to analysis by the SERCOP.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES

Income tax – Advance payment

income-tax-advance-payment-lawyers-ecuador

By Executive Decree 1109 issued on July 27, 2020, the President ordered the advance payment of income tax for the year 2020, to finance the expenses associated with the health emergency.

The individuals, companies, and permanent establishments that comply with the following conditions are required to pay the advance income tax:

  1. Generate taxable income, except income derived from a labor relationship.
  2. In the year 2019 received gross income equal to or greater than US$5,000,000.00; and,
  3. During the period from January to June 2020, generated profits, with the exceptions of income and expenses derived from a labor relationship.

Taxpayers who do not meet these three conditions are able to pay the advance income tax voluntarily.

The following taxpayers are not required to pay the advance income tax:

  • Micro, small, or medium size companies.
  • Taxpayers that are exempt from paying income tax on the fiscal year 2020.
  • Taxpayers that have registered the province of Galapagos as their tax address.
  • Taxpayers that are regular exporters of goods, or that 50% of their income derives from the export of goods; or,
  • Taxpayers with one of the following economic activities:
    • The operation of airlines.
    • The provision of accommodation and/or food services.
    • Activities of the agricultural sector.
    • Activities of the aquaculture sector.

I order to calculate the advance payment the following formula must be applied:

IR = (85% of UC * 25%) – RFIR20

Where:

IR = Advance income tax.

UC = The profit derived from the result of operations carried out from January 1 to June 30, 2020, in accordance with the financial statements and accounting and financial regulations.

RFIR20 = Income tax withholdings made to the taxpayer from January 1st to June 30th, 2020, that the taxpayer is able to use as tax credit.

Taxpayers are able to pay a higher value than the result of the formula. Likewise, if the taxpayer made voluntary income tax advance payments prior to the date the decree was issued, these payments will be attributable to the value of the advance income tax.

Taxpayers are able to pay the full amount of the advance income tax until August 14, 2020 or, in three equal installments until the 14th of the months of August, September and November 2020. The late payment will generate interest and penalties.

The advance income tax will be regarded as tax credit for the payment of 2020 income tax.

Do you want to receive our newsletters with information like the one you just read?
Click here and subscribe.

DISCLAIMER: The preceding text has been prepared for general information purposes only. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any given situation requires the specific opinion and view of the firm in Quito / Guayaquil, Ecuador.

CORRALROSALES