State of emergency – tax measures

state-of-emergency-tax-measures

By Executive Decree 1021 issued on March 27, 2020, the President of Ecuador, adopted the following tax measures within the state of emergency:

1. Income tax withholding:

The following entities will be required to withhold and pay on a monthly basis income tax over their total taxable income obtained in each month:

Entity activity 

Monthly income tax withholding rate (%)

Financial institutions under the supervision of the Superintendency of Banks and entities that provide mobile telephone services. 1,75%
Entities that have entered into contracts with the Goverment for the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons under any modality or, contracts for specific works and services under the Hydrocarbons Law or, complementary petroleum services as well as transportation of crude oil. 1,5%

The withholding tax receipt must be issued in the name of the withholding agent and the value withheld will be consider as tax credit for paying the withholding agent’s income tax.

2. Tax payment deadlines:

For this time only, the taxpayers who at this date are considered as:

  • Micro-enterprises;
  • Those domiciled in Galapagos Islands;
  • Those who are regular exporters of goods, or that 50% of their income derived from the export of goods; or,
  • Those whose economic activity is:
    1. The operation of airlines,
    2. The tourism sector, exclusively those that provide accommodation and/or food services; or,
    3. The agricultural sector.

Will be able to pay the corporate income tax for the fiscal year 2019 and the value added tax (VAT) to be paid in April, May and June 2020 as follows:

  1. Payments will be made in 6 installments during the year 2020 in the following percentages: in each of the first two months, the taxpayers are required to pay 10% of the total value; and, in each of the remaining four months, taxpayers are required to pay 20% of the total value.
  2. These payments will be made according to the ninth digit of Tax ID as follows:
Ninth Digit of Tax ID 

Payment Date

1 10th of each month
2 12th of each month
3 14th of each month
4 16th of each month
5 18th of each month
6 20th of each month
7 22nd of each month
8 24th of each month
9 26th of each month
0 28th of each month

Taxpayers domiciled in the province of Galapagos are able to make the payment until the 28th of each month..

If a payment deadline overlaps with a mandatory rest day or holiday, the deadline shall be the next working day unless that day falls on the following month, in which case the payment deadline shall be anticipated to the last working day of the month.

If the taxpayer makes the payment after the deadlines have expired, he must pay the respective interest and fines in addition to the tax

  1. The payment of 2019 corporate income tax for the entities described above, will be made from April to September 2020 in the percentages and terms indicated in numbers 1 and 2 of this document.
  2. The payment of VAT for the months of April, May and June 2020 will be made in the percentages and terms described above, in the following months:
VAT to be paid in the month of

Months of Payment:

April 2020 From April to September, 2020
May 2020 From May to October, 2020
June 2020 From June to November, 2020
  1. Taxpayers subject to the Micro-enterprise Taxation Regime shall file their VAT return on a semi-annual basis. These taxpayers will not be subject to the exception regime detailed above.

 

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DISCLAIMER: The previous text has been prepared for informational purposes. CorralRosales is not responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of having acted or stopped acting based on the information contained in this document. Any additional determined situation requires the specific opinion and concept of the firm.

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Income tax withholding rates

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000020 issued by the Internal Revenue Service and published on March 20, 2020 in the Official Registry Special Edition 459 established new rules to the income tax withholding regime:

  1. The following income tax withholding rate was modified:
Concept 

Previous
rate

New
rate
Acquisition of all types of movable property of a tangible nature 1%  1,75%
Payments that do not have a specific withholding rate 2% 2,75%
  1. It was clarified that the acquisition of goods of agricultural, poultry, livestock, beekeeping, bio aquatic, forest and meat origin, which are maintained in their natural condition, will be subject to 1% withholding regardless of whether an invoice or settlement for the purchase of goods or provision of services is issued.
  2. Additionally, it is clarified that this withholding rate (1%) applies to income from local production and marketing of agricultural activities, even if the taxpayer generating the income is subject to a special income tax regimen.

The new withholding rates are applicable beginning April 1st.

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Withholding percentage – dividends

withholding-percentage-dividends-tax

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000011 issued by the Internal Revenue Service establishes the withholding percentages applicable to the dividends distributed by entities with tax residence or permanent establishments located in Ecuador to: (i) individuals with tax residence in Ecuador; or, (ii) foreign entities which beneficial owners are individuals with tax residence in Ecuador.

The withholding percentage will apply over 40% of the amount of the dividend, according to the following:

Taxable income from
(basic tax bracket) 

Taxable income until
(surplus tax bracket)

Withholding over the
basic tax bracket

Withholding percentage over
the surplus tax bracket

20.000,00 0 0%
20.000,01 40.000,00 0 5%
40.000,01 60.000,00 1.000,00 10%
60.000,01 80.000,00 3.000,00 15%
80.000,01 100.000,00 6.000,00 20%
100.000,01 Forward 10.000,00 25%

The withholding receipt must be issued with the name of the individual with tax residence in Ecuador even if the amount to withhold is zero.

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Tax Regime for Microenterprises

tax-regime-microenterprises-lawyers

Regulation NAC-DGERCGC20-00000011 issued by the Internal Revenue Service and published on February 21, 2020 in the Supplement to the Official Registry 148, establishes the rules for applying the Tax Regime for Microenterprises created by the Law of Simplification and Tax Progressivity.

Microenterprises are those individuals or entities whose annual income is equal to or less than US $ 300,000.00 and, that have 1 to 9 workers.

The Internal Revenue Service is able to include or exclude from the especial regime, taxpayers who meet the conditions to qualify as microenterprises. For this purpose, the Tax Authority is able to update the taxpayer tax ID without prior notice and, it must publish a microenterprises registry on its web page (https://www.sri.gob.ec/web/guest/catastros).

Taxpayers who consider that they should not have been included in the microenterprises tax regimen may request their exclusion until April 7, 2020.

Taxpayers included in the Tax Regime for Microenterprises must comply with the following:

  1. Issue invoices in accordance with current regulations.
  2. Request proof of sale to support the acquisition of goods or provision of services.
  3. Keep accounting books or a record of income and expenses as appropriate.
  4. File tax returns when appropriate. In the case of VAT and excise tax (ICE), the tax returns must be filed semiannually in the months of July and January of each year.
  5. Submit the annexes of information when appropriate, and
  6. Fulfill the other formal duties indicated in the Tax Code.

Taxpayers registered in the microenterprise’s registry must apply the regime from February 2020. Therefore, they will not act as withholding agents for income tax or value added tax since said month.

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Law for Simplification and Progressivity of the Tax Regime

progressivity-tax-regime

Below we will analyse the Law for Simplification and Progressivity of the Tax Regime published on December 31, 2019 in the Supplement of the Official Registry 111, amended the Internal Tax Regime Law.

Dividends:

Dividends distributed to individuals with tax residence in Ecuador and entities and individuals located abroad are subject to income tax. Only dividends distributed to entities with tax residence in Ecuador or permanent establishments located in Ecuador are exempted from income tax.

The taxable income is equal to 40% of the dividend effectively distributed. The concept of global dividend is eliminated (dividend distributed plus taxes paid by the company) and consequently the tax credit for taxes paid by the company.

Dividends distributed to individuals with tax residence in Ecuador are subject to up to 25% withholding. The Tax Authority will issue a regulation establishing the withholding percentage applicable, according to the amount of the dividend.

Dividends distributed to entities and individuals residing abroad will be subject to 25% withholding tax. However, if the Ecuadorian entity that distributes the dividends fails to report its corporate structure, the withholding percentage applicable to the dividend paid abroad will be 35%.

It is ratified that the capital increase with retained earnings (stock dividend) will not be taxed.

Interest Expense:

In the case of interest paid by banks, insurance companies and entities of the financial sector of the Popular and Solidarity Economy:

Interest that exceeds the interest rate established by the Monetary and Financial Policy and Regulation Board will not be deductible.

The total amount of the loans granted abroad -directly or indirectly- by related parties, may not be greater than 300% of the entity equity. Interest paid or accrued with respect to credits that exceed this percentage will not be deductible.

In the case of interest paid by entities or individuals, the total amount of the net interest paid on loans granted by related parties must not exceed 20% of the entity´s profit before labor participation, plus interest, depreciation and amortization corresponding to the respective fiscal year. Interest paid or accrued that exceed this percentage will not be deductible.

Creation a temporary tax to be paid:

  • How much should be paid? 

Entities that perform economic activities and whose taxable income in fiscal year 2018 are equal to or exceeded one million dollars.

  • How much should be paid?

The amount to be paid must be calculated according to the following chart:

Gross taxable income
from (US$) 

Gross taxable income up
to
 (US$)

Rate
1.000.000 5.000.000 0,10%
5.000.001 10.000.000 0,15%
10.000.001 Onwards 0,20%

The amount of the tax shall not exceed 25% of the income tax generated in the fiscal year 2018.

  • When should the tax be paid?
When should the tax be paid? The tax shall be paid annually during the fiscal years 2020, 2021 and 2022, until March 31st of each year. Failure to submit the tax form within the deadline will be sanctioned with a fine equal to US$1,500.00 for each month or fraction of a month. The fine will not exceed 100% of the contribution.

Important reforms

  • VAT on digital services:

Digital services are subject to 12% VAT. The taxable event occurs when: In the case of import of digital services, the taxable event occurs when the importer of the service -an entity or permanent establishment located in Ecuador- pays the service provider. In the case of delivery of goods, the taxable event occurs when the importer pays for the delivery services of such goods. The VAT will be applicable over the amount of such delivery services.

The VAT on digital services will be applicable starting July 2020.

Web domain services, hosting and cloud computing services are subject to 0% VAT.

  • Foreign Exchange Control Tax:

The exemptions of foreign exchange control tax were amended as follows:

  1. Investments from abroad made in the Ecuador stock market. These investments may be made in equity securities or in fixed income securities.
  2. Dividends: Dividends paid to entities or individuals residing in tax havens is exempted. This exemption is not applicable if the dividends are distributed to foreign entities which shareholder –directly or indirectly- are individuals or entities with tax residence in Ecuador which are shareholders of the entity that distributed the dividend.
  3. Payments made abroad for financial returns, and capital gains derived form:
    • Investments from abroad made in the Ecuador stock market. These investments may be made in equity securities or in fixed income securities.
    • Securities issued by entities domiciled in Ecuador, that were acquired abroad, destined to finance housing, microcredit or productive investments.
    • Fixed-term deposits or investments made with resources from abroad in local financial institutions.

This exemption does not apply if the payment is made between related parties.

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Teleamazonas – Annual and/or monthly taxes apply from January 1st

teleamazonas-andrea-moya-tax-reform

DETAILS

FECHA: 2-01-2020

CORRALROSALES IN THE NEWS:: 

-Andrea Moya

DATE: Teleamazonas

Our Partner, Andrea Moya, has been interviewed by the Teleamazonas news to explain the tax amendments introduced by the “Tax Simplification and Progressivity Law” and the date on which the amendments come into force.

“When taxes must be paid on an annual or monthly basis, the amendments entry into force from the first day of the following month. All amendments, in general, are effective as of January 1, with certain exceptions. The first exception is the distribution of dividends. This amendments entry into force on December 31,” Andrea Moya said in the interview.

Another of the points analyzed by our Partner was the amendment to the sub capitalization limit. “Previously, in credits between related parties you had a sub capitalization rule. Now this limit for interest expense changed to 20% of the profit. This should only affect contracts signed as of this date,” she explained. However, this has not been clarified in the law.

Another of the reforms that will come into force in 180 days, is the VAT for digital services, such as Uber or Netflix. “All the concepts that the law does not regulate specifically, the Tax Authority will have to issue a regulation” Andrea Moya points out during her interview.

All these changes could mean an amount of 600 million US dollars in revenue for the Government.

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Gestión Digital – Draft Law for Fiscal Transparency

fiscal-transparency-gestion-digital-Andrea-Moya

DETAILS

DATE: 7-11-19

CORRALROSALES IN THE NEWS: 

-Andrea Moya

The following is a summary of the main amendments proposed in the draft of the “Draft Law for Fiscal Transparency, Optimization of Tax Expenditure, Encouragement of Job Creation, Strengthening of the Monetary and Financial Systems and Responsible Management of Public Finance”

Income tax

Dividends:

  • The taxable income will be 40% of the dividend effectively distributed. The concept of global dividend is eliminated (dividend distributed plus taxes paid by the company) and consequently the tax credit for taxes paid by the company.
  • The exemption for dividends paid to companies and for individuals residing abroad is eliminated. The applicable withholding percentage will be 25%.
  • In the case of dividends distributed in favor of individuals residing in Ecuador, the Tax Authority will establish the withholding percentage.
  • If the company that distributes the dividends fails to report its corporate structure, the withholding percentage applicable to the dividend paid abroad will be 35%.
  • It is ratified that the capital increase with retained earnings (stock dividend) will not be taxed.

Deductions:

  • Interest paid on loans granted by related or independent parties may not exceed 20% of the entity’s profit. Interest paid in excess of this ratio will be considered non-deductible.
  • Indirect expenses allocated from abroad by related parties will be considered non-deductible expenses.
  • The following additional deductions are reduced from 100 to 50%: (i) net increase in employment, (ii) medical insurance and / or prepaid medicine expenses granted to employees; (iii) depreciation of assets that reduce the environmental impact; and, (iv) certain expenses incurred by micro, small and medium businesses, such as: research and development expenses, expenses to improve productivity, and travel and promotion expenses for accessing international markets.
  • The deductibility of advertising and promotion costs and expenses will not be limited.

Others:

  • Payment of the advance income tax is no longer mandatory.
  • The reduction of the income tax rate for exporting entities that reinvest their profits goes from 10 to 8 percentage points.
  • Income obtained abroad that has been subject to tax in the country of origin will no longer be exempted from paying income tax in Ecuador. The tax paid abroad will be considered as tax credit.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

  1. The following goods will be subject to 0%VAT:
    • Flowers.
    • Test strips for glucose.
    • Newsprint.
  1. Digital services:

Digital services will be subject to 12% VAT. Digital services are those provided and / or contracted through the Internet that are automated and require minimal human intervention.

In the case of import of digital services, VAT will be paid by the importer of the service. Credit card issuing entities will withhold the VAT when the digital service provider is not registered in Ecuador.

Excise Tax

  1. Taxable base: The presumptive minimum profit margin to be applied on the ex-customs or ex-factory price is increased from 25 to 30% based.
  2. Taxed goods: The following goods are taxed at the rates described below:
    • Liquids containing nicotine to be administered through nicotine administration systems (electronic cigarettes): 50%
    • Soft drinks with sugar content less than or equal to 25 grams per liter and energy drinks: 11%
    • Soft drinks with sugar content greater than 25 grams per liter: US$0.20 per 100 grams of sugar.
    • Vehicles: the calculation formula is modified according to the sale price of the vehicle to avoid leaps in the rates.
    • Post-paid mobile phone service provided to individuals: 10%
    • Craft beer: The rate is reduced from US $ 2.00 per liter to US $ 1.5 per liter.
    • Industrial beer: The rate is increased according to market share.
    • Plastic bags: US$ 0.10 per bag

Currency Exit Tax

Exemptions:

  • Loans granted abroad: (i) there is no longer required that term of the credit is at least 360 days, and, (ii) the loan may be used to invest in shares issued by Ecuadorian entites.
  • Dividends: Dividends paid to entities or individuals residing in tax havens is exempted.

The tax rate applicable to the import of raw materials and capital goods, is reduced from 5 to 2.5%; however, the right to tax credit for such imports is eliminated.

Single and Temporary Tax

Who are obliged to pay? Companies whose gross income in fiscal year 2018 exceeded one million dollars.

How much should be paid? The amount to be paid is shown in the following table. The amount shall not exceed 25% of the generated, declared or determined income tax of fiscal year 2018.

Gross taxable income from (USD $) Gross taxable income up to (USD $) Rate
1,000,000 5,000,000 0.10%
5,000,001 10,000,000 0.15%
10,000,001 Onwards 0.20%

When should it be paid? Until March 31 of fiscal years 2020, 2021 and 2022.

Capital Repatriation Regime

The tax residents of Ecuador can benefit from this regime if as of December 31, 2018:

  • They have maintained abroad revenues subject to income tax in Ecuador or, have made monetary transactions subject to outflow tax (ISD), which have not been declared or if the tax has not been paid.
  • Have kept assets abroad which have been acquired with these revenues and, that have not been registered in the equity declaration.

If taxpayers decide to repatriate and invest the income in Ecuador, they will be subject to the following rules:

  • If the income is declared until March 31, 2020, it will be subject to pay a tax rate equal to 1%;
  • If the income is declared from April 1, 2020 until June 30, 2020, it will be subject to pay a tax rate equal to 2%; and
  • If the income is declared from July 1, 2020 until December 31, 2020, it will be subject to pay a tax rate equal to 4%
  • If taxpayers decide to declare their income, assets or investments abroad, but not repatriate and reinvest in Ecuador, it will be subject to pay a tax rate equal to 8%.

The income will be regarded as invested in Ecuador if it remains in Ecuador for a minimum period of 12 consecutive months counted from the date on which the investment is made and if it’s purpose is one of those established in the law, such as: investments and financial products provided by financial institutions, stock exchanges and stock brokerage houses, acquisition of real estate and other assets necessary to carry out economic activities in the country or, investments destined to research and development of technology.

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